Are you considering moving your retirement funds from one qualified account to another? Maybe you just left a job and you’re looking to move your 401(k) funds over to your IRA. Or maybe you’re simply consolidating your retirement accounts as you prepare to transition into your golden years. Whatever the case may be, a 60-day rollover may be an option you consider.
A 60-day rollover allows you to take a distribution of funds from a qualifying retirement account, payable to you, the account owner. You then have 60 days to redeposit the funds into another qualifying retirement account while avoiding any taxes or early withdrawal penalties. However, executing these rollovers may not be as simple as it seems. With strict rules and deadlines, it can be easy to make an expensive mistake.
What is a 60-day rollover? A 60-day rollover is the distribution of funds from a qualifying retirement account payable to the account owner who then has 60 days to redeposit the funds into another qualifying retirement account.
- Do trustee-to-trustee transfers instead. The best way to avoid making a 60-day rollover mistake is to avoid 60-day rollovers! Transfer your funds directly to another retirement account. Not only does a direct transfer avoid any 60-day time problems, but if the rollover is coming from a 401(k) or other qualified plan, it will also avoid the mandatory 20% withholding requirement.
- Make checks payable to new IRA custodians. Sometimes the only way a custodian will distribute an IRA or other retirement account money is in the form of a check. There is a special rule that allows a distribution by check to qualify as a direct rollover (and avoid the 60-day rules) when the check is made payable to the new IRA. For example, your check might read “Custodian X f/b/o (for benefit of) John Doe IRA.”
- Keep track of when you receive your distribution. Few people know when the 60-day clock actually begins. It starts when you receive the distribution. The few days between when the check was issued and when you actually received it may make all the difference in the world.
- Check to make sure the funds were deposited into the correct account. A common mistake occurs when funds are accidentally deposited into a non-retirement account. Once you’ve deposited the funds or sent them to your financial institution, take five minutes out of your day to make sure they have arrived at their intended destination. If the mistake is discovered within 60 days it can be corrected.
- Be aware of the once-per-year IRA rollover rule. You are limited in the number of 60-day rollovers you can make in a 365-day period. The once-per-year rollover rule applies only to 60-day rollovers from IRA to IRA or from Roth IRA to Roth IRA. Under the rule, once funds have been rolled over as a 60-day rollover, no other 60-day rollovers can be done by the account owner within the next 365 days. For this rule, IRAs and Roth IRAs are counted together. © 2019 Ed Slott and Company, LLC
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Walter F. Pardo, Founding Partner
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